Several initiatives at conflict resolution have been undertaken by regional actors. Noteworthy examples were the establishment of a Transitional Federal Government for Somalia in 2004 and the conclusion of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement for the Sudan in 2005.
A regional approach towards analyzing and addressing the challenges of the region is needed, going beyond the shortfalls of single-case analysis that fails to consider the common aspirations, interests and characteristics of all the member states.
Time has come to concentrate efforts on a regional dialogue for peaceful and beneficial coexistence, and to develop in this region studies and exchanges that stress the sharing of common ideals, values and interests among peoples of the IGAD region. It is time for intellectuals of the region to build a holistic approach; taking into consideration the common aspirations of the people. Civil society organizations will have to establish specialised mechanisms that can endow them with the capacity to continually monitor, review and intervene in events and issues in the region.
This book covers the proceedings of a conference held in February 2006 in Nairobi.