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With this edition of Perspectives, the Heinrich Böll Foundation explores some of the approaches and instruments that communities and their NGO partners have developed to create room for community-centred stakeholder participation, and to champion community interests and rights.

This edition of the Perspective brings with it a wealth of facts on renewable energy, green economies, climate change and reflects on the challenges different African nations and entities are faced with, in their quest for a self-sufficient and sustainable green society. It is a rich compilation of expert commentaries and contributions coming from different parts of Africa, telling African stories.

PIDA, the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa, is poised to be a game changer for the transformation of Africa. This publication describes PIDA's plan to double levels of investment in energy, water, and transportation mega-projects and the opportunities and risks these projects present, asking the big question: will PIDA accelerate the colonial patterns of resource extraction or foster the economic diversification required for Africa to prosper?

Fossil resources like coal, oil and gas are responsible for 63 percent of carbon emissions in the atmosphere by only 90 entities – the “Carbon Majors”. This discussion paper outlines the case for the Carbon Majors to provide funding via the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage for poor communities all over the world.

How could a just and democratic resource politics look like that respects both planetary boundaries and human rights? The Memorandum “Resource Politics for a Fair Future” is the outcome of a two-year international dialogue process of the Heinrich Böll Stiftung.

This handbook covers key areas such as mainstreaming climate policies, gender and climate change, climate finance and market based mechanism for mitigation and adaptation. Journalists are also advised on the best practices in reporting on climate governance and given ideas on how to bring in climate governance perspectives into stories that would otherwise be considered as unrelated.

Finding a sustainable and affordable solution to the continent’s energy crisis, Africa has the chance to leapfrog dirty development pathways and power its economies and societies through renewable energy. The East African launch of this study on Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariffs comes at a time when Governments are directing their attention towards fossil fuels, neglecting the potential of renewable energy resources to profoundly transform societies and economies in the region.

The publication Meat Atlas sheds light on the impacts of meat and dairy production, and aims to catalyse the debate over the need for better, safer and more sustainable food and farming.

In view of the renaissance that fertilizer subsidies are experiencing in many tropical and subtropical countries, this study provides an overview of the economic and ecological barriers and of the potential for using mineral fertilizers in such regions.

The impacts and costs of climate change must, be addressed through coherent and effective climate change governance. However, available evidence suggests that environmental and climate change relevant policy in Kenya remains mostly incoherent and not integrated with longterm national development plans and policies.

Drought-induced reduction in hydropower generation has become a persistent feature in the region’s electricity generation. Expanding decentralized renewable energies for electricity generation provides an important and cost-effective measure of adapation to climate change.

This month, two events occur back-to-back: the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (“Rio +20”) in Brazil and the Group of 20 (G20) Summit, in Mexico. This paper asks how the powerful G20 might influence outcomes of Rio+20.

The idea of growth as the way to end poverty and escape economic and financial crisis remains largely undisputed and is currently reflected in the concept of the green economy. But not everything that is “green” and efficient is also environmentally sustainable and socially equitable. This essay outlines a policy of less, of wealth in moderation, to enable the Earth’s resources to make a life of dignity and without need possible for all.

The G20’s commitment to conventional solutions obscures the possibility of other alternatives. Even though the alternatives present challenges in terms of replication, cost, and scale, the G20 summit in Mexico in June 2012 should re-cast the criteria for selecting and financing energy projects to highlight modular, renewable energy solutions.

The policy brief discusses the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM’s) role in the UNFCCC climate governance architecture, and highlights the evolution of the mechanism. On Kenya it assesses institutions, actors, and the CDM’s implementation in the currently most important energy and forestry sectors, and the broader domestic project pipeline, considering public policy and governance dimensions.

In this essay, the President of the Heinrich Boell Foundation, Barbara Unmuessig, critically reflects on the opportunities for and the shortcomings of the concept of a "Green Economy" to influence economic policy making globally, its relationship to the paradigm of sustainable development and the need to rethink our understanding and focus on growth.

The people of Taita -Taveta county have for long been alienated from their land and land resources, with their struggles for land rights and tenure well-known. They are also alienated from the minerals, wildlife and forest resources which then impedes the development of these communities. It is therefore necessary to document these realities and suggest solutions to ensure that the rich mineral resources contribute to local development.

Pastoralism is essential for the sustainable management and ecological health of dry lands, but also highly sensitive to increasing environmental degradation and global warming. It is threatened by several factors like the sedentarisation policies, intensive agriculture, ecological degradation and low social status accorded to pastoralists among many others.

The study seeks to assess the unusual mortality of some of the perennial plants such as Acacia tortilis, Balanites orbicularis, Suaeda fruticosa and Zizyphus hamur in some coastal areas of Somaliland. The local communities, particularly pastoralists whose livelihoods are heavily dependent on rangeland conditions, have given different explanations on this disturbing trend, which surfaced in the early 1990’s.

Buug-yarahani waa tarjumaddii cilmi-baadhis lagu diyaariyay AfIngiriisi oo ku suntan “The impact of climate change and adoption of strategic coping mechanisms by agro-pastoralists in Gabiley region, Somaliland”. Waana mid ka mid ah saddex (3) daraasadood oo labada kalena kala yihiin: • Perennial Plants Mortality in the Guban Areas of Somaliland, • “the Impact of Climate Change on Pastoral Communities in Balli-Gubadle and Salahley Districts, in Somaliland”.

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